UNESCO World Heritage at Germany

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – or short UNESCO – maintains a list of places that are unique and important for the whole world. The goal is to preserve them for future generations. The World Heritage list divides into World Cultural Heritage and World Natural Heritage. UNESCO also lists the endangered sites on a red list and also revokes the status if people change them or if they are destroyed (e.g. by war). Countries can propose places for the list.

In 2018 the list contained 1092 places in 167 countries. 37 entries do not belong to one specific country and are transnational. At Germany there are currently 44 World Heritage sites; three of them are World Natural Heritage, six of them are transnational.

World Cultural Heritage at Germany

  • Aachener Dom, Aachen
  • Dom zu Speyer, Speyer
Dom, Speyer
Dom, Speyer

Driving to Speyer, Germany is always a bit magical: at first you see some trees in front of river Rhein and behind that only some high towers made of red sandstone. They belong to the cathedral of Speyer, the Speyrer Dom officially called Domkirche St. Maria und St. Stephan. It is a UNESCO world heritage site dating back to the year 1025 CE. Read more…

  • Würzburger Residenz qnd Hofgarten, Würzburg
  • Wallfahrtskirche „Die Wies“, Steingaden
  • Schlösser Augustusburg and Falkenlust, Brühl
  • Dom and Michaeliskirche, Hildesheim
  • Römische Baudenkmäler, Dom und Liebfrauenkirche, Trier
  • Hansestadt, Lübeck
Holsten gate, Lübeck
Holsten gate, Lübeck

The city of Lübeck, Germany is a very old town that became rich by trading goods. The old city center which looks like an island and is surrounded by arms of the river Trave became a UNESCO world heritage site in 1987. Famous is also a small town belonging to Lübeck: Travemünde. It is a well-known beach with a very high and ugly hotel complex directly at the shore. Read more…

Schloss Sanssouci, Potsdam
Schloss Sanssouci, Potsdam

The castle of Sanssouci is one of the best-known castles in Germany and located within the Park Sanssouci of Potsdam, Germany. It belonged to the house of Hohenzollern and the first buildings where created between 1745 and 1747 by the order of Frederick the Great in rococo style. It was extended in 1841 under Frederick William IV of Prussia and since 1990 the castle is a UNESCO world heritage site. Read more…

  • Kloster Lorsch, Lorsch
  • Bergwerk Rammelsberg, Altstadt and Oberharzer Wasserregal, Goslar
Weltkulturerbe Rammelsberg, Goslar, Germany
Weltkulturerbe Rammelsberg, Goslar, Germany

The Rammelsberg is a mountain close to Goslar, Germany containing an ore mine that is a UNESCO world heritage site. It is important because at this place mining was done continuously for 1000 years until 1988. The legend says that a knight called Ramm stopped here with his horse and the horse scratched the ground and found the ore. Therefore the mountain has been named after the knight. Read more…

  • Altstadt, Bamberg
  • Klosteranlage Maulbronn, Maulbronn
  • Stiftskirche, Schloss, Altstadt, Quedlinburg
  • Völklinger Hütte, Völklingen
  • Grube Messel, Messel
  • Kölner Dom, Köln
Dom, Köln
Dom, Köln

The cathedral of Köln, Germany – known as the Kölner Dom or Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus – is a Roman-Catholic church under the protection of Apostle Petrus. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and after the Ulmer Münster the second highest religious building in Germany, number three worldwide. It is 157 meters high and was built from the year 1248 CE on. Read more…

  • Bauhaus, Weimar, Dessau, Bernau
  • Luthergedenkstätten, Eisleben, Wittenberg
  • City, Weimar
  • Museumsinsel, Berlin
Pergamon-Museum, Berlin
Pergamon-Museum, Berlin

The museum island at Berlin is a collection of important museums at one place. This includes the Altes Museum, Neues Museum, Alte Nationalgalerie, Bode-Museum and Pergamonmuseum.

The Altes Museum (old museum) is an art museum on the museum island of Berlin, Germany – close to the Berliner Dom. It was built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel until 1830 and was then named Neues Museum (new museum), later Königliches Museum. Read more…

The Alte Nationalgalerie (Old national gallery) is part of the museum island in the heart of Berlin, Germany. It has been constructed in 1867 and houses works of the Impressionism, Neoclassicism, Romanticism and of the Biedermeier period. During World War II the building was bombed and it is unclear, which works were destroyed or taken to the Sovjet union as looted art. Read more…

The Bode-Museum on the museum island of Berlin, Germany is an archaeological museum exhibiting sculptures, Byzantine art and a coin collection. It was opened in 1904 as the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum. Read more…

The Pergamon-Museum is an archaeological museum on the museum island in Berlin, Germany. It was planed in 1907 and built until 1930 for the famous Pergamon altar which was brought to Berlin and is still on display here. Read more…

Wartburg, Eisenach
Wartburg, Eisenach

High above Eisenach, Germany you can find a wonderful castle that played an important role in German history: the Wartburg. It was created in the year 1067 CE and is well known as the place where Martin Luther translated the New Testament of the bible from Latin to German between 1521-1522 (using the pseudonym ‘Junker Jörg‘ to hide away). Read more…

  • Gartenreich Dessau-Wörlitz, Dessau
  • Klosterinsel Reichenau, Konstanz
  • Zeche Zollverein, Essen
  • Old city centres Stralsund, Wismar
  • Rathaus und Roland, Bremen
Rathaus, Bremen
Rathaus, Bremen

I’ve seen many town halls in the past but the one at Bremen, Germany is one of the most beautiful. It is richly decorated outside as well as inside and is one of the most important buildings of the Weser renaissance and gothic styles. It was built between 1405 and 1410 as a replacement for the former town hall in romanesque style (built before the 1220s). Together with the Roland it is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Read more…

Roland, Bremen
Roland, Bremen

The statue of Roland on the market place of Bremen, Germany is one of the town’s landmarks. It is more than five meters high and together with its platform and decorations it reaches a height of more than 10 meters, making it the biggest free-standing statue of medieval times in Germany. The statue shows military leader Roland who guarantees the city its freedom and rights. Read more…

  • Muskauer Park, Bad Muskau
  • Obergermanisch-Raetischer Limes
  • Altstadt, Regensburg
  • Siedlungen der Berliner Moderne, Berlin
  • Fagus-Werk, Alfeld
  • Prähistorische Pfahlbauten, Unteruhldingen
  • Markgräfliches Opernhaus, Bayreuth
  • Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe, Kassel
Herkules, Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe, Kassel
Herkules, Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe, Kassel

The Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe is a 2.4 square kilometers large vast landscape garden at a mountain belonging to the Habichtswald. It is located at the city quarter Wilhelmshöhe of Kassel, Germany. The Bergpark is designed in the style of an English landscape garden with baroque and neo-classical elements. It is especially famous for its water games that use 200 to 300 years old techniques and work without electricity. Read more…

  • Karolingisches Westwerk and Civitas Corvey, Höxter
  • Speicherstadt / Kontorhausviertel with Chilehaus, Hamburg
Chilehaus, Hamburg
Chilehaus, Hamburg
  • Architectonical work of Le Corbusier, Stuttgart
  • Höhlen und Eiszeitkunst der schwäbischen Alb
  • Haithabu / Danewerk, Busdorf, Dannewerk, Ellingstedt
  • Dom, Naumburg

World Natural Heritage at Germany

  • Oberes Mittelrheintal, Koblenz / Boppard / Sankt Goar / Rüdesheim / Bingen
  • Wattenmeer / Wadden Sea
Wattenmeer, Cuxhaven
Wattenmeer, Cuxhaven

The Wadden Sea (or German “Wattenmeer“) is a 450 kilometers long section of the North Sea in the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. The fauna in this area is formed by the tides: at low tide you can walk through the Watt which is flooded twice a day. Therefore you have to check the current schedule of the tides – they are shifting every day. Lots of animals live there and are an important source for birds and fishes. Read more…

  • Buchenwälder and Buchenurwälder / Beech forests of Europe
    At Germany including Grumsiner Forst (Brandenburg), Nationalpark Kellerwald-Edersee (Hesse), Nationalpark Jasmund, Serrahner Buchenwald (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania), Nationalpark Hainich (Thuringia).
  • Künstlerkolonie Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt
  • Donaulimes
  • Niedergermanischer Limes
  • Jewish cultural heritage; SchUM cities, Speyer, Worms, Mainz
  • Important baths of the 19th century, Baden-Baden, Bad Kissingen, Bad Ems

Former World Heritage at Germany

Blaues Wunder, Dresden
Blaues Wunder, Dresden

After the Waldschlösschenbrücke – a bridge – was built, the character of the valley changed too much.

Proposed World Heritage at Germany

  • Franckesche Stiftungen, Halle
  • Montanregion Erzgebirge / Krušnohoří
Markus-Röhling-Stolln, Annaberg-Buchholz
Markus-Röhling-Stolln, Annaberg-Buchholz
  • Jewish cemetery, Hamburg-Harburg
  • Alpine and pre-alpine moor and meadow landscapes, Garmisch-Partenkirchen
  • Schloss, Schwerin
Schwerin palace
Schwerin palace

Located on an island within the Schweriner See you’ll find Schwerin Palace, a stronghold from the year 1845. It is a designated World Heritage site and always worth a visit – even if it is only for a walk through the wonderful park. Read more…

  • Alte Synagoge and Mikwe, Erfurt
  • Schlösser Neuschwanstein, Linderhof, Herrenchiemsee
  • Water management system, Augsburg
  • Lutherstätten Eisleben, Wittenberg

Formerly proposed World Heritage

  • Abtei Weingarten, Weingarten
  • AEG-Turbinenfabrik; Gendarmenmarkt; Philharmonie;
    Unter den Linden; Wasserwerk Friedrichshagen; Schloss Nymphenburg; Zitadelle Spandau, Berlin
Französischer Dom, Gendarmenmarkt, Berlin
Französischer Dom, Gendarmenmarkt, Berlin
Brandenburger Tor, Berlin
Brandenburger Tor, Berlin
  • Artland landscape, Artland
  • Barockgarten Großsedlitz, Heidenau
  • Braunschweiger Löwe, Braunschweig
  • Bundesfestung, Ulm
  • Burg Eltz, Wierschern
  • Burg Münzenberg, Münzenberg
  • Concentration camp Buchenwald, Weimar
  • Damenstiftskirche, Dernrode
  • Dom / Albrechtsburg, Meißen
  • Dom, Erfurt
Dom, Erfurt
Dom, Erfurt

The cathedral of Erfurt, Germany is a huge catholic church located on a hill in the center of the city. Next to it the Severinskirche can be found. It is said that the building dates back to the year 725 CE. During the many years different changes have been applied to the building, mostly gothic style elements have been added. Read more…

Dom, Magdeburg
Dom, Magdeburg

The Magdeburger Dom is the gothic-style cathedral of Magdeburg, Germany. It has been built from the year 1207 on and was sanctified in 1363. It is a protestant church located in the city center close to the Grüne Zitadelle and can be seen from all over the town. It is the most important landmark of the town. Read more…

  • Dom, Worms
  • Donautal, Regensburg / Weltenburg
  • Elisabethkirche, Marburg
  • Externsteine, Horn-Bad Meinberg
Externsteine, Horn-Bad Meinberg
Externsteine, Horn-Bad Meinberg

The Externsteine near Horn-Bad Meinberg, Germany are outstanding sandstone rocks near a lake and surrounded by forest. They were once one rock but over the centuries water has washed out the weaker materials. In all times this rock formation has attracted the people and many myths exist. Read more…

  • Festspielhaus, Bayreuth
  • Festung, Jülich
  • Festung, Königstein
  • Fürstenberg, Ravensbrück
  • Gärten / Landgüter (incl. Schloss Wilhelmsthal), Kassel
Schloß Wilhelmsthal, Calden
Schloß Wilhelmsthal, Calden

Close to Calden, Germany you can find the rococo-style castle Wilhelmsthal within the Schloßpark Wilhelmsthal. It completes the historical triumvirate of castles and landscape gardens of the Kassel region – formed together with the Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe and the Staatspark Karlsaueat Kassel. Therefore this castle and park is also maintained and preserved by the Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel (mhk). It is a nice place and always good for a relaxed walk through the fields and the forest. Read more…

Paulskirche, Frankfurt
Paulskirche, Frankfurt

The Paulskirche in Frankfurt, Germany is a church building used for meetings and exhibitions, it is located close to the Römerberg. It was built from 1789 on and was used as a Protestant church. Read more…

  • Gölzschtalbrücke, Netzschkau
  • City, Görlitz
  • Hölderlinturm, Tübingen
  • Kaiserpfalz, Gelnhausen
  • Kloster, Ottobeuren
  • Königsplatz; Ludwigstraße, München
  • Ludwigsplatz, Saarbrücken
  • Maintal, between Banz and Vierzehnheiligen
  • Maria Laach, Glees/Mendig
  • Marienkirche, Prenzlau
  • Maximilianstrasse; Zeughaus, Augsburg
  • City, Mühlhausen
  • Münster, Bad Doberan
  • Münster, Freiburg
  • Oberspreewald, Lübben
Spreewald, Germany
Spreewald, Germany

The Spreewald in Germany is a very special place. One you normally only visit to get a canoe to travel on the long and branched river network. Or to cross the area by bike. But some people even come here for a specialty that was once imported from the Netherlands: sour pickles. Read more…

  • Old city center, Landshut
  • Old city center, Passau
  • Römische Villa von Nenning, Perl
  • Rothenburg, Nördlingen, Dinkelsbühl
  • Schloss and Altstadt, Heidelberg
Heidelberg castle, Heidelberg
Heidelberg castle, Heidelberg

The castle of Heidelberg, Germany is well known to the world – because of its beauty and because of the big amount of US soldiers stationed in nearby Ramstein that visited it. It is first mentioned in 1225 and was until 1697 seat of the Palatine prince-electors. Today it is a wonderful ruin in Renaissance style made of red freestone. Read more…

  • Schloss Weißenstein, Pommersfelden
  • Schlossgarten, Schwetzingen
Castle gardens, Schwetzingen
Castle gardens, Schwetzingen

The castle in Schwetzingen, Germany is a wonderful destination for a day trip. It was a summer residence of the electors of Palatine and it is especially famous for the castle gardens created in the 18th century. The first note about the castle dates back to the year 1350. Read more…

  • Stiftskirche, Jerichow
  • Tobiashammer, Ohrdruf
  • Town hall, Lüneburg
  • Walhalla, Regensburg
  • City, Wittenberg
  • City, Wolfenbüttel

UNESCO World Heritage sites I’ve visited:

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