The art museum of Bochum was created as the Städtische Gemäldegalerie already in 1921. After residing in different locations and having exhibition at various places the museum did a restart at the Villa Marckhoff-Rosenstein (built in 1900 for two influential families) in 1960 and this building was extended with a modern building in 1983. Today the modern part is used to exhibit changing exhibitions of modern art.
The old villa (connected to the modern building) is used for a small exhibition of the collection of the museum containing works of Gerhard Richter, Andy Warhol and Francis Bacon. The collection is international but often has local connections to the city: artists that were living or working there can be found throughout all works. The Kunstmuseum Bochum is located next to the vast Stadtpark gardens and accessible from the city center by a short walk.