When visiting Luxembourg you shouldn’t leave out the Musée national d’histoire et d’art. It is located at the fish market in the old town very close to the Casemates. Even if it would be completely empty this modern building would be worth a visit. It is like an iceberg – you just see some floors of a museum building in a contemporary style, but most of the museum is underground. The lower of the nine floors are carved into the rock and the archeological items exhibited blend with the rock surrounding it.
The current building was opened in 2002 but the collection itself is significantly older and dates back to the mid of the 19th century. In the lower areas of the museum you can learn about archaeology and the history of the region from the stone age to medieval times. Other sections focus on craftwork and coins, the upper floors are dedicated to the fine arts. I enjoyed seeing photos from Iran learning about the colonial history of Luxembourg. Visiting the museum is free of charge, you only need a ticket for the changing exhibitions.
National Museum of History and Art (MNHA)
Musée national d’histoire et d’art Luxembourg